Lighting strategy for cannabis growing Gavita versus LED

Not only do we look at the mix of color spectrum the sun produces, we also need to understand the exact amount of light intensity the sun rains down on plants in each wavelength of color.
Lighting strategy for cannabis growing Gavita versus LED

Providing the appropriate color spectrum is just one dimension of successful marijuana growing. In fact color spectrum has less to do with yield than most lighting manufacturers care to admit.

There is a second consideration that is even more important than the spectral mix of colors a lamp produces. Maximizing cannabis harvest yields requires the correct level of light intensity be supplied as well. But total intensity measurements such as PAR can be misleading. We'll discuss why and also a solution. Measuring the individual wavelengths of light which when added all together equals total PAR.

With photo spectrometers becoming less expensive and more portable it's now possible to measure any grow lamp right at the grow. One such tool is Asensetek's Lighting Passport and their free mobile App Spectrum Genius Agricultural Lighting or SGAL. We like the Passport because it not only gives us total PAR, but it also breaks down the individual spectrum into 1 nanometer wavelengths and we can see the amount of PPF being created at any distance from the lamp for that single wavelength. Imagine being able to compare lamp to lamp, HPS to LED. Florescent to LED. Or better yet, the Sun to any lamp made today. We can now reverse engineer spectrum and light intensity to any lamp or directly to the sun. 

Asensetek Lighting Passport - shown with optional IPOD or IPAD and free SGAL App

If we can agree that our sun is the benchmark for the right mix of spectrum for photosynthesis, then we need to also look at exactly how much light measured in total intensity the sun provides as it passes through the sky.

The best starting point is to look at the sun’s light intensity at noon on a summer day in an area like California where cannabis flourishes outdoors. Not only do we look at the mix of color spectrum the sun produces, we also need to understand the exact amount of light intensity the sun rains down on plants in each wavelength of color. PPF (photosynthetic photon flux) is the measurement of the amount of micromoles that land on a target area - for example the top canopy of cannabis plants. And PPFD simply adds a distance measurement to PPF. 

At noon on a sunny day in California in June we measured the PPFD from the sun at 1978 micromoles (Figure A). Closer to the equator that number is higher and further north it drops lower. And of course at night it is zero. 

PPFD Spectrum

Figure A; Sun light spectrum and intensity per wavelength in micromoles in California in June at noon

The chart above shows PPFD (photosynthetic photon flux density in micromoles - the amount of photosynthetic light that actually hits your target area) scaled on the left. Wavelengths are scaled at the bottom. We can see for example that in the 600NM orange/red wavelength that the sun is peaking at about 7 micromoles. Regardless of the type of lighting, HPS versus CMH versus Fluorescent versus LED, it’s important to use the sun as the ultimate baseline of comparison.

The black line represents the McCree Action Curve, photosynthetic light level where all plant life benefits optimally. Light within the curve is ideal. Beyond the curve is unused by plants. The McCree Curve is an important target when choosing an artificial lamp for growing marijuana.

Cannabis plants can’t tolerate 2000 micromoles of energy for a 12 hour growing day. So we look at the average amount of sunlight which plants receive during the entire day. 

Average outdoor PPFD for a 12 hour day ranges widely however a June average in California is about 1000 micromoles.

We know from hundreds of cannabis grow tests with a wide variety of artificial lighting types that yields will improve when the canopy is continually provided with between 800-1200 micromoles. Our testing has shown that 1000 micromoles is an ideal target for average top canopy lighting. Some flowers will stretch into higher light levels while others will be below the average canopy and receive less. Providing 1000 micromoles also ensures flowers deeper in the plant canopy benefit from the intensity as well which results in increased dry weights and premium “A type” flower yields.

Looking back at Figure A we can use a rule of thumb that the average daily intensity we target on canopy for any specific color wavelength will be about half of what the chart shows for actual California maximum light intensity. So for example in that same 600NM orange/red peak we discussed above of 7 micromoles, we know that we need to find an artificial light source that provides at least 3.5 micromoles for the entire flower cycle for that wavelength. Any light source which does not achieve the target average will result in sacrificing plant yields. 

We also know that traditional HID (high intensity discharge) lamps are considered the gold standard in indoor gardening. Gavita double ended high pressure sodium lamps have been one of the most popular lamps for years for flowering. And Gavita ceramic metal halide lamps, which include more blue, are popular for the vegetative phase of growing. Likewise T5HO fluorescent lamps are popular for the clone phase and early veg phases.

As much as we want to try to replicate the balanced spectrum and average intensity of sunlight, FGI decided that we better also focus on understand why traditional lighting works and be sure to include this spectrum and intensity in our lamps as well.

We’ve visited hundreds of indoor grows using Gavita style lamps. Most growers tend to have the lamps hung between three and five feet above the top of the maturing canopy. Less than three feet begins to risk burning the plants from the heat the lamps produce. And further away than five feet the plants begin to look spindly and less healthy. Measurements of Gavita HPS spectrum and intensity look like Figure B below.

PPFD Spectrum

Figure B; Gavita 1000 w pro HPS spectrum and intensity at 36” from canopy

As compared to the sun peaking at 7 micromoles of orange/red energy – and our rule of thumb goal of providing 3.5 micromoles of average over 12 hours-- we can see that the Gavita does pretty well and is peaking above the target average at 5 micromoles. Gavita lamps work well in cannabis growing so it reasons to follow that any other lamp being considered to grow cannabis needs to be in this range. Anything below this range won’t grow the highest yielding plants.

As a comparison, the Gavita ceramic metal halide lamps which work well during the veg cycle clearly don’t provide the orange/red energy that their HPS lamps produce. Figure C below shows the Gavita CMH spectrum and intensity also at 48 inches above canopy. Total orange/red 600nm peak light production is 2 micromoles which explains why high yields cannot be obtained because the lamp produces 30% less light than the target of 3.5 micromoles of natural sunlight.  

PPFD Spectrum

Figure C; 660 watt Gavita ceramic metal halide lamp at 48” above canopy

We do know that the Gavita CMH lamps have proven to work well during the veg phase of cannabis growing and most growers keep their CMH lamps high above the canopy. Using the data we gathered in Figure C we know that veg plants desire blue light in the 440nm wavelength range. The CMH chart shows peak blue energy at about 1 micromole on average for a 20 hour veg operation. Looking back to the sun in Figure A we can see that a little over 5 micromoles of peak energy is produced and using the rule of half, our target is 2.5 micromoles. It could be said that the Gavita, at 48”, is not hitting the blue light target. And this is where hanging height on lamps becomes a tradeoff of benefits versus harm. In this example the CMH lamp should be closer to the plants.

If we lower the Gavita CMH lamp to increase the level of 440NM blue, then we’ll also increase the level of 600nm orange/red which we know from experience produces early stretching of the plants. Depending on style, many growers prefer more compact and lush veg plants prior to moving them in to flower and pruning to encourage formation of flower nodes and branching which maximizes production as the plants mature. Too much red will trigger the wrong type of growth.

Fluorescent lamps which are popular during cloning and earlier veg phases of growing is worth taking a look at too. Figure D below is a typical T5HO 8 tube lamp at 20” over young veg plants.

PPFD Spectrum

Figure D; T5HO 8L fluorescent lamp at 20” over canopy

Figure D helps to explain why Gavita CMH lamps and fluorescent lamps both work well for veg phase growing. They both produce peak energy in blue and orange/red. Peak 440nm blue is almost 1 micromole and peak 600nm orange/red is about 1.5 micromole. For very young plants our rule of thumb for light intensity should be 25% of the suns peak energy. Fluorescent lamps achieve that average however due to the spikey looking spectrum the plants are not receiving the broad range of spectrum the sun produces. This is another good reason not to look at total PAR because a fluorescent lamp might seem to be producing good total amounts of photosynthetic light but we can see that it’s not a consistent amount of light across the spectrum.

So now we have a pretty good target to aim for. We understand targeted light intensity from studying the sun. And we know that Gavita lamps work well in flower and veg. And that fluorescent lamps work well in clone and veg.

Any lamp you consider moving forward should provide targeted average intensity from the sun and all the benefits of the Gavita and T5s. Any lamp which lacks our target spectrum or intensity is likely not to work very well in the various stages of cannabis growing.

Evolution of LED grow lighting

LED grow lighting is an evolving area of study. Many growers are suspicious about the benefits of LED, having tried products that didn’t work in the past or heard from the community they don’t work. And for good reason. We’ve taken hundreds of measurements from dozens of LED lamps across the entire industry. We’ve had growers show us plants that don’t stack up well as compared to plants under Gavita or T5s.

Figure E below is good example of why not all LED lamps work as well as the sun or Gavita. The Illumitex Powerharvest LED spectrum and intensity is different than what we’ve decided our target is. And we can also see why the grow results are very different than Gavita.

PPFD Spectrum

Figure E, Illumitex Powerharvest LED as 36” above canopy

As compared to flowering under Gavita HPS the Powerharvest will only supply peak 600NM orange/red energy of less than 1 micromole versus our sun target of 3.5 or Gavita actual production of 5 micromoles. There is a major difference in 660NM red energy. Looking back at Figure A and what the sun produces with a peak of 8 micromoles of 660NM red, the Powerharvest is producing over 4 micromoles. That is within our “rule of thumb” target of 50% of the sun’s noontime output. But it’s 400% higher than what the Gavita produces of the same red energy. Experience has shown that very high levels of red energy cause the plants to stretch faster which can cause the plants inter-nodal flower spacing to be too far apart and become spindly. Light bleaching of the top flowers can also become a problem.

But some growers do just fine with the Powerharvest, too, which tells us that cannabis can be grown under a variety of light conditions as long as the appropriate intensity is provided too.  However at FGI we prefer to target the spectrum and intensity of the sun and Gavita because so many growers swear by the results.

We now have a good understanding of how to target any lamp you are considering not just in terms of light spectrum but more importantly in terms of the amount of energy we are supplying to the canopy in micromoles at any wavelength we feel is most important.

Targeting light intensity on canopy

The grow lamp industry, both traditional and LED does a poor job of supplying complete information about lamp intensity.

Most manufacturers supply only total PAR, which is the sum total of all the energy between 400-700NM. Total PAR does not include the individual spectral components of the light, thus is not a useful number and should be avoided in decision making.

The total PAR output of the sun peaks at 2000 micromoles at noon. The total PAR output of the Gavita Pro HPS hung at 36” is 470 micromoles. Total PAR output for the Illumitex Powerharvest, above, was 620 micromoles. However the makeup of those total amounts of PAR was very different and the plants development and harvest yields achieved under these light sources were also different.

At FGI we have a vast library of spectrum and light intensity data. As we designed our own line of lamps made here in Washington we used this data to target both the color spectrum we knew worked by grouping the highest yielding grow lamps together and separating out the average or below average lamps.

At a minimum, we wanted to incorporate the light spectrum and intensity of Gavita HPS for flower and CMH for veg. But we also chose to incorporate additional broad light spectrum which we knew from measuring the sun and outdoor grows is the proper target.

And most important, we designed our lamps to achieve very specific light intensity (PPFD) levels in each wavelength that makes up the total PAR output of our lamps.

Designing a lamp to hit targeted intensity while also reducing energy use is a tricky balance.

If the light is fixed at a certain height and light levels are too high or too low we have just two options. Either the voltage must be increased or decreased to hit the target intensity through dimming.

The second option is to physically move the light source closer or further from the plant canopy. When designing spectrum and intensity for cannabis with an eye to energy conservation, LEDs have a clear advantage. And to take full advantage of all that valuable photosynthetic light the lamp is producing it makes most sense to hang the lamp closer to the canopy to avoid the loss of light which occurs as the distance from the plants increases. This is where additional strategies like automated light lifting becomes important because we can slowly raise the lamps as the plants stretch.

The new generation of diodes are much more energy-efficient than older higher-wattage LEDs. The chips operate at much lower heat output. In doing so light output from a single diode is also less in terms of PAR output. But arranging the diodes closer together allows us to create the intensity we prefer.

Hanging the lamps closer to the canopy allows us to manufacture lamps which consume fewer watts and save more energy. This translates to lower cost of production in cannabis growing and higher efficiency of grams per watt produced. Secondary benefits of lower hanging heights include the ability to grow vertically in racks because LEDs run cooler. High Intensity Discharge, lamps like HPS and CMH, cannot be hung as close to the canopy without burning the plants or creating too much heat under the plant levels above, so vertical growing is nearly impossible with older style lamps.

The FGI line of LED lamps

FGI designed a full line of lamps for each stage of growth. Our 100 watt Lightbar is a low intensity lamp designed for cloning or earlier veg stage growth. Likewise our 185 watt Lightbar is designed for medium intensity to replace T5HO fluorescents and CMH used in veg. And our two 500 watt and 700 watt Lightpanels are designed to replace HPS lamps in flower.

How FGI stacks up against the competition

Flower/bloom

The FGI Lightpanel 700 and 500 use the same spectrum but have different light intensity output for different types of installations. The 500 watt Lightpanel produces the highest amount of light intensity over a smaller amount of area. The 700 watt Lightpanel covers a greater area of canopy.

Figure F shows the spectrum and intensity at 18” hanging height, the most efficient height for maximum intensity.

PPFD Spectrum

 

Figure F; FGI Lightpanel 500 V/B at 18”

Using the rule of thumb developed from looking at the sun in Figure A and the Gavita HPS in figure B, we targeted orange/red energy peaks at a high of 5 micromoles (Gavita) and a low of 3.5 (average sun). The Lightpanel achieves the goal: coming in just under 5 micromoles. Looking at the blue energy produced by the sun we targeted 2.2 micromoles and the Lightpanel exceeds that measurement at 3.7.

The Lightpanel has all the benefits of the spectrum and intensity preferred by Gavita HPS users but it also includes much more of the full spectrum of light the sun produces, setting it apart from a typical HPS lamp and moving the spectrum closer to that of outdoor California sun. Total PAR output for the Lightpanel (above) at 18” is 1136 micromoles, just under the 1200 micromole maximum light intensity recommended for cannabis.

Veg/clone

The FGI Lightbar 100 and 185 use the same spectrum as one another but in different intensities based on the desired light levels for young plants versus maturing veg plants.

PPFD Spectrum

Figure G; FGI Lightbar 185 at 18”

As compared to preferred CMH lamps (figure C) made by Gavita, the Lightbars produce peak blue energy of 1.3 micromoles, (equal to the CMH output) and peak orange/red energy of 1.7 micromoles (also equal to the CMH output.) Once again our spectrum and intensity includes all the preferred light of Gavita CMH but also adds in much more of the full spectrum the sun produces which is lacking in CMH lamps.

The same is true in comparison to T5HO lamps (figure D). The Lightbars exceed the amount of preferred blue and orange/red light produced by fluorescents and also include most of the green energy which is not found in CMH lamps.

Summary

It becomes clear that light spectrum is only a part of the equation when comparing various lamps. And looking only at total PAR output misses the mark too. But when spectrum and PAR output are combined into direct comparison between what has worked well for growers over time. Then adding in a comparison of the sun, nature’s best grow light, the science behind lamp design can be demystified. We can now design a very specific light spectrum and very specific light intensity allowing us to push the yield and potency to the maximum potential output.

Large scale commercial cannabis growing requires maximizing harvest yields time and  time again, while focusing on the reduced cost of electrical operation for lamps and heat removal. Paired with generous incentives offered by many utilities to convert from high energy HPS, CMH, and fluorescent lamps, the return on investment for installing the new generation of cannabis-tuned LED now makes sense more than ever before.

Premium Quality For Growing

More Products

0% sale
FGI Lightlifter Raises And Lowers Multiple Grow Lights.
FGI Lightlifter For Raising And Lowering Grow Lights $ 1,495.00 $ 1,495.00
Description The FGI motorized light lift is a great tool for managing PAR on canopy. It can raise and lower lights to give you an even distribution of brightness, making it perfect whether your plants are close or far away from the source! The universal mounting system allows any brand of lamps to be installed with ease too; so there's no need worry about getting wrong type equipment when trying new techniques at growing indoors.     I'm sorry; your browser doesn't support HTML5 video in WebM with VP8/VP9 or MP4 with H.264. Introducing the FGI Lightlifer  FGI Lightlifter Detailed Overview with PAR Meter Demo   Full length Customer Installation Video    During early stages of growth, lamps can be raised to reduce PAR to allow the plants to acclimate. In later stages lamps can be lowered to maximize light intensity and deeper penetration of light into the canopy.  Results include lower energy cost because fewer lights and watts need to be purchased, higher yields through maximum PAR on canopy. ** Due to the size and weight this item does not ship free ** Ships to USA and Canada only ** Shipping calculated at checkout.  Features: Standard length: 16'  Standard Unit Weight: 98 lbs (not including lamps) Input voltage: 110V per section. Lamp mounting: Integrated quick release mounting for FGI's full line of Lightbars and Lightpanels. We can make Lifters for any brand of grow lights. Twin linear actuators raise and lower the array with the toggle switch Capacity: Up to 250 lbs Standard travel: Up to 30" up/down travel Multiple lifts can be connected to a single toggle switch. Please request a custom wire harness based on the lighting layout. We recommend that one toggle is used per row. We do not recommend one toggle for an entire room.  Safety: Handheld up/down switch Slow movement with upper limit and lower limit travel stops Saftey chain to arrest emergency failures at bottom travel stop (included) Secure light attachments using 1/4" cotter pins ~Technical Specs~ Standard length: 16'  Standard Unit Weight: 98 lbs (not including lamps) Input voltage: 110V per section. Capacity: Up to 250 lbs Standard travel: Up to 30" up/down travel Install Notes: The FGI Lightlifter comes with pre-assembled top rails with pneumatic arms and steel aircraft cable. It ships in 8' sections with joining hardware to extend the final lift to 16'. The lower rails come pre-assembled and we provide sets of clevis cotter pins and rail insertion guides.  Upper and Lower Rails - Lights Shown Not Included The lifts consist of twin upper and lower rails. The upper rail has four loops, one at each end, and allows for attachment to ceiling truss which we recommend be done with lengths of stainless steel threaded rod (not provided). The rod should be sized to allow the upper rail to be suspended at a height for the top limit of travel, or in other words the furthest you want the lights to be from the canopy. The lower rails on the lift hold the lights which have 30" of travel when fully extended. Steel aircraft cable (all parts provided) allows for a strong and safe up/down travel.  Alternatively, the lift can be suspended from the ceiling truss using chain (not provided).  Also recommended for simplifying the truss connection is lengths of Unistrut or Superstrut attached to the ceiling truss. Threaded eye bolts installed on the strut allow for adjustments after the fact.  Lift mounting width: The twin 16' rails are independent of one another. In other words, they do not need to be attached to one another. Each of the two sets of top and bottom lifting rails can be mounted at any distance. This allows the lift to be easily adapted to most brands of grow lights. The rail sets would then be mounted at the same distance that the light mounting points are from one another. This allows the lights to be balanced and properly sized to fit the lifts.  Light attachment: Our lifts were designed for FGI brand grow lights which have flip up brackets sized to fit into the lower lift rails. However in most cases any brand of light can be used with the lifts. Rope hangers or steel loop cables can be used to attach to the provided mounting guide and clevis with cotter pins. Rope hangars and loop cables are not provided.  Clevis cotter pins and rail guides included

0% sale
TrolMaster HCS-3 Hydro X Plus Grow Room Controller
TrolMaster HCS-3 Hydro X Plus Grow Room Controller $ 1,199.00 $ 1,199.00
Description The Hydro X Plus / HCS-3 system is a professional-grade single-zone environmental control system that can control your entire grow space. It has an 800x480 7” LED display monitor and can control an unlimited number of lights, 8 temperature devices, 8 humidity devices, 4 CO2 devices, and 12 programmable timer devices (up to 50 schedules can be created). With incredible flexibility and the expanded product capacity, anyone can now easily customize their own grow room control system for maximum yields. Having multiple control modules also provides the option for the user to create multiple "stages" of growth. By staggering the start times of each stage, the user can minimize the amount of time that plants spend in vegetative growth and focus on the flowering phase. Having multiple control modules also provides the option for the user to create multiple "stages" of temperature and humidity control, which will provide a more stable environment. The HCS-3 system comes with an MBS-PRO 4-in-1 sensor to measure temperature, humidity, CO2 ppm, and the presence of light. Lighting control has never been easier or more capable. The optional MBS-PAR light sensor can be added to the system. It will automatically adjust light intensity to precisely provide the exact amount of illumination for optimum plant growth. The Hydro-X Plus has been can also track your DLI levels. Having 2 separate lighting control channels allows the user to create multiple lighting layouts (and dimming sequences) based on their individual preferences. Besides controlling your room, if a problem is detected by the HCS-3, a warning message (notification) will be sent to your smartphone. Up to 10 smoke detectors and 10 water leak-detectors can be connected to the HCS-3 which will alert you if there are any fire or water leaks. The HCS-3 also offers multiple advanced functions to control your entire grow room or greenhouse such as Sunrise / Sunset simulation, DLI control, overheat protection, Spectrum & Group lighting control, and more.  

-15% sale
FGI Uniformity Pro Flex Smart LED Grow Light Wireless Connectivity
FGI Uniformity Pro Flex WiFi Controlled 600W LED Grow Light with WeatherEFX 615 W 1600 PPF 2.60 umols/j $ 935.50 $ 1,095.00
As a market leader in innovative and energy-efficient grow lights, FGI is proud to introduce the Uniformity Pro Flex WiFi Controlled 600W LED Grow Light with WeatherEFX. 615 watt, 1600 PPF, 2.60 umols/j. Packed with control.  This high-performance LED light is ideal for use in both commercial and home grow operations, and offers a number of features that make it a top choice for professional growers. The Uniformity Pro Flex uses cutting-edge technology to deliver superior light uniformity across the entire footprint, making it an ideal choice for evenly lit grow spaces. With full spectrum white light and adjustable output levels, this grow light can be tailored to meet the specific needs of your plants. Looking to get the most out of your grow lights? The WeatherEFX LED Grow Lighting Controller can help you mimic natural sunlight conditions, promoting healthy plant growth. The controller uses weather data to adjust the light intensity and spectrum of your LEDs, simulating changing light conditions throughout the day. This helps to reduce stress on plants, leading You can also create custom on/off schedules and scenarios, such as sunrise/sunset, to further customize your lighting. Plus, the controller's Cloud Intelligence feature allows you to check in on your lights from anywhere. Take your garden to the next level with more natural lighting using FGI's weatherEFX. Learn about Cloud Intelligence and our Wifi Controller on our YouTube Channel here:           The WeatherEFX concept in science is based on the idea that changes in weather can have a significant impact on plant growth and development. The term was first coined by botanists studying the effect of leaf shading and competitive growth responses in subalpine herbs. They found that a reduction in sunlight due to clouds results in increased water status and CO2 uptake throughout the day. This allows plants to benefit from the periodic reduction of evaporative demand that results from natural periods of intermittent shade. WeatherEFX has since been applied to other areas of research, including agriculture, where it is used to study how changes in precipitation and temperature can affect crop yields. It is also being used to investigate how extreme weather events, such as heat waves and drought.  The Flex is a top-quality grow light that won't break the bank? Check out the FGI Uniformity Pro grow light with IOT Control. This lightweight (just 30 lbs) and slim (3" deep) grow light is perfect for 4x4 spaces, and its cool design means it won't add too much heat to your grow room. The four push button dimming settings allow you to customize the light intensity to suit your plants' needs, while the red booster spectrum helps you grow larger, denser flowers. Super bright full spectrum 4000K diodes operate at an efficent 2.3umols/j plus 660nm red energy.     PAR Map @ 16" from canopy FGI Spectrum  ~Technical Specs~ INPUT/OUTPUT:  615 W 1600 PPF  2.60 umols/j 120V Plug Included110-277V SIZE:46" x 43" x 5"30 Lbs SPECTRUM:3950 CCTWarm White + Cool White + 660 NM Red80 CRI DIODES:LumiLED + CREEE2,640 TtlRatio: 65:33:2 (warm/cool/red) IP65 Damp Rated DLC Listed CSA Certified Product Warranty: 5 years

-25% sale
The FGI Uniformity Pro 640 LED Grow Light
FGI Uniformity Pro 640w LED Grow Light 1600ppf 4x4 Samsung+Inventronics $ 899.50 $ 1,195.00
The Uniformity Pro 640 was designed to be the best built, longest lasting 4' x 4' LED on the market today. Fully water resistant wiring connections, heavy duty all aluminum bars, sealed crystal lens diode covers, in an easy to install folding frame. We use the highest quality and latest Samsung LM301B top bin diodes to create the FGI grow spectrum. The Uniformity Pro 640 is ideal for very high light intensity cultivation and is DLC approved for utility rebates in the US. We overbuild our lights intentionally so they will last for years and years in harsh grow environments. AT 37 lbs this unit is best in class for construction. Wet rated means it's okay to receive accidental over-spray. Suitable for vertical racks, over trays and benches or in 4' x 4' or larger grow tents. For use with the FGI Dimming Controller for light management and scheduling. Featuring  • All wiring connections are sealed with IP68 waterproof connections. • The LED diodes are covered with gorilla glass like crystal lens coverings. • Bars are heavy duty extruded aluminum. • 1600 umols/s total PPF output. • Nearly 1300 umols/ms of usable photosynthetic light output at 9-12".   Learn more about the FGI Uniformity Pro on our YouTube Channel here:  Our LED diode mix creates the ideal grow spectrum for indoor plants. 3200 full spectrum Samsung LM301B neutral white diodes in 4000K CCT. The white diodes are paired with 48 Osram Osolon Hyper Red Square 660nm diodes, from Osram's horticulture optimized LED diode line. Each light comes with a 10' power cord. It also comes with a 4' connection cable allowing you to control a network of lights with various lighting controllers. Our FGI Dimming Controller is one example and allows advanced programming including on/off timers, sunrise and sunset programming and automatically dims the light if temperatures in the grow space exceed your programmed limit. Par Map @ 12"   FGI Spectrum The Uniformity Pro 640 carries a full five year warranty. It's 5% larger than the Gavita 1700e and Fluence Spydr 2 series.  Specifications: Product Name: FGI HT-02 Uniformity Pro 640Part Number: FGIUP8Rev2UPN: 887437032817Dimensions: W x L x H (inches) 47x47x4 IMPORTANT: The unit does not ship with a standard plug. Please request a free 110/220/270V plug with your purchase if you need one. DiodesBrand Name: Samsung LM301B top binNumber of pieces: 3200Model/Part number: Neutral WhiteCCT: 4000KCRI: 80 Other color DiodesBrand Name: Osram OsolonNumber of pieces: 48Model/Part number: Hyper Red CCT: 660nmRatio mix white/red (%): 3200:48 Lifetime: (L-90 - in hours L90B50 @ 36000HRS Photosynthetic Light MeasurementsPPF Output*: 1600PPF Efficacy*: 2.5Photopic Light MeasurementsLuminous Flux* 92,000Luminous Flux Efficacy*: 144OtherInput Power: 640wInput Voltage: 120-277Cord length: 10'Plug type (note if bare whip): Not includedPackaging DimensionsDimensions W x L x H (inches): 47x47x4Weight (pounds): 36 Operating Temp range (F): 33-104 IP rating (UL-ETL or estimated final UL-ETL): wetDimming / TuningDimming (Yes/No): YesIndpendent channel dimming (Yes/No): NoController type: External 0-10V Product Warranty:5 years  

-10% sale
Hortibest 660W LED Grow Light with 2.8 umols/j Linear Greenhouse LED Top Lighting Array.
Hortibest 660W LED Grow Light with 2.8 umols/j Linear Greenhouse LED Top Lighting Array. $ 899.00 $ 995.00
Our Factory Direct Shark Greenhouse Lighting System is the perfect solution for all your growing needs. Commercial Linear LED grow lights for greenhouse lighting applications. The slim form factor won't block the penetration of sunlight while providing supplementary lighting. The horizontal heat sinks efficiently dissipate heat to help get a longer lifespan of the light. And the fanless design eliminates fan noise and fan life issues.  This high-quality light provides great uniformity when mounted in an array, with our digitally tuned spectrum providing just enough artificial sunlight based on years worth experience designing grow lights. it’s 60” length and 660 watts of power supplies ideal light intensity over greenhouse planting rows.  The Shark offers a variety of controller options as well. From TrolMaster to our FGI Dimming Controller. Connect up to 4 on a single power connection with our AC daisy chain accessory cable.       Spectrum      

-23% sale
Hortibest H8 720 Watt FSG 2.7 umols/j PPF 1944 umols/s Osram Diodes
Blazingly Bright 720 Watt Full Spectrum LED Grow Light. Blinding 1944 PPF, efficient 2.7 umols/j. Our most powerful LED. $ 885.50 $ 1,145.00
We bring you hand picked factory direct LEDs.  Introducing the Hortibest H8 commercial LED grow light.  Looking for a powerful and efficient LED grow light to help you get the most out of your plants? Look no further than the Hortibest H8 Slimline 720W LED Grow Light! Our 720W LED will blow your plants socks off at 1944 PPF. Grow in PAR levels as high as 1500 umols/ms at 12" from canopy. This light rocks efficiency at 2.7 umols/j - a measure that compares power consumed versus light output.  We use the latest multi-package diodes to produce full spectrum light that your plants will love.  Ideal for 4' x 4' spaces, this light has multiple settings to help you optimize growth and yield. Need to tone it down a bit? The built in dimming knob makes it quick and easy without complex controls required.  With the extended daisy chain for power (not just dimming), you'll be able to easily connect multiple lights for even coverage. And the best part? The Hortibest H8 Slimline 720W LED Grow Light uses less energy than previous generation LED grow lights, so you'll save money on your electricity bill. Get the perfect growing conditions for your plants with the Hortibest H8 Slimline 720W LED Grow Light! Highlights Spectrum controllable with optional Moray UV-A and Far Red Module. Now shipping.   Internal LED driver enclosed within side rails. Daisy Chain (power and 0-10V dimming - depends on voltage supplied) Easy to install. No assembly required. Unfold, plug and play. Comes with 120V and 240V plugs. Comes with rope hangars.  Universal 0-10V Control. (TrolMaster, FGI Dimming Controller etc...) Super high PPF output of 1944 umols/s allows for a higher hanging height over canopy, up to 24" at over 1000 PPFD.  DLC listed for rebates in the US, this light is made by a top factory in China and distributed by Forever Green Indoors.  Osram LEDs, and a buil-in internal driver with light-to-light daisy chaining to power which reduces the number of outlets that need to be installed in the grow space.  For example; at 240V, 4 units can be daisy chained to a single receptical at 2.9 amps per light.  The H8 is lightweight at 23 lbs, and compact in size at 42"x42"x2" with its internal driver. This unit is less expensive to ship and easier to hang and manage than heavier or larger LED lights.  As with all our LEDs it uses a fanless design. Does not make noise and produces a relatively low amount of heat output at 2448 BTUs.  The H8 also has optional extended spectrum bars in the UV and Far Red spectral range which can be added as outriggers to it's frame. It also offers a variety of control options from TrolMaster to FGI Brand Dimmers to a Hortibest two channel lighitng controller with adjustable spectrum control over the extended spectrum bars.  ~ specs Fanless Design IP65 Wet Rated Dimmable: 0-10V DLC: OC-H-720A FSG 27 D1 Slim design and 180 degree foldableInput Voltage:120-277VAC 42" x 42" x 2" (1067 x 1077 x 50mm ) Weight 22.7Ibs (10.3kg) AC Voltage 120V 208V 230V 277V AC Current 6.26A 3.55A 3.18A 2.66AAC Power 748W 729W 720W 714WPower Factor 0.996 0.987 0.983 0.969Daisy Chain Quanty 2Pcs 3Pcs 4Pcs 5Pcs Heat Output 2448 BTU/h Max 6.7A@120VAC; Max 3.9A@208VAC;Max 3.5A@230VAC; Max 2.9A@277VAC; 5 Year Standard Warranty link to product spec sheet download   

-12% sale
FGI MH8 Uniformity Pro 660W LED Grow Light 2.6 umols/j 1716 PPF. State of the art. Solid and reliable.
FGI MH8 Uniformity Pro 660W LED Grow Light 2.6 umols/j 1716 PPF. State of the art. Solid and reliable. $ 799.95 $ 899.00
The FGI MH8 Uniformity Pro 660W LED Grow Light is the perfect solution for commercial gardens that need high PPFD output. This unit is designed to be hung under shelves or close to the ceiling, and it can be daisy-chained with up to four other units on 240V power. It also has a dimming knob and can be controlled by a variety of 0-10V dimmers, making it a versatile and easy-to-use grow light. Highlights Internal LED driver enclosed within side rails. Daisy Chain (power and 0-10V dimming - depends on voltage supplied) Easy to install. No assembly required. Unfold, plug and play. Comes with 120V and 240V plugs. Comes with rope hangars.  Universal control (TrolMaster, FGI Dimming Controller etc...) The unit is DLC listed for rebatres in the US and consumes just 660W of power while outputting 1716 PPF at an efficient 2.6 umols/j.  An internal LED driver keeps the unit streamlined at only 2" deep making it ideal for hanging undershelves or close to ceiling allowing for maximum plant height in the grow space.  It can be power daisy chained, up to 4 units on 240V power, reducing the number of recepticals needed in the grow space.  It ships with a 220V cord with a 110V adapter plug, rope hangars and a 0-10V RJ-16 light to light daisy chain cable.  ~ specs Weight 23lb Size 42 x 42 x 2 Folding 2553 BTUs Voltage                           120V     208V      230V     277V AC Current                      6.26A    3.55A    3.18A    2.66AAC Power                        748W    729W    720W   714WPower Factor                   0.996    0.987     0.983    0.969Daisy Chain Quanty         2Pcs     3Pcs       4Pcs     5Pcs    

-34% sale
The FGI Lightpanel 500W V2 LED Grow Light Max PAR 1500 PPFD USA
FGI Lightpanel 500 LED Grow Light, Our Original USA Made LED. Commercial Grade, High Performance 4' Wide Grow Trays. $ 595.00 $ 895.00
Description Introducing the Lightpanel 500 V2. Our FGI patented LED made in the USA. The perfect solution for serious growers who demand very high light levels. With an input power of only 450 watts, this LED panel is one of the most efficient on the market, producing up to 1500 umols/ms at 15” from canopy. If you're looking for an LED panel that can produce serious crop yields, the Lightpanel 500 is the one for you. It's perfect for growers who demand the highest level of performance from their plants, and with its 4' width, it's perfect for long rows over grow trays. Build How did we do it? Most lights spread the LED diodes over a large area to maximize uniformity and many were designed to top out at 1000 umols of PPFD at about 12" from canopy. The FGI Lightpanel 500 V2 takes a radically different approach. This unit was designed with three side by side panels set with 2835 individual warm/neutral white LED diodes spaced in close proximity across each board. Learn more about the Lightpanel 500 on our YouTube Channel here:  Spectrum PAR Map Technical Specs Product: FGI LightPanel 500 V2 Light Source: LEDs: 1260 pcs, Seoul Semiconductor 2835 warm white and neutral white didoes with Conformal Coating. Plus 36 pcs, Cree X-Lamp 660nm Red diodes. Drivers: 2 pcs, YG PLY 240W-55-C6000-RN-P-12 Spectrum: Patented full spectrum 3000K + 5000K + 660nm CCT: 3756K CRI: 90 Photosynthetic Light Measurements: PPF Efficacy* .25 Umol/j PPFD @ 12" 1007 Umol/m²/s Fixture coverage ( max intensity / max uniformity )*: 4' x 3' / 5' x 4' Photopic Light Measurements Luminous Flux*: 69,480 Lumens Luminous Flux Efficacy*: 155.5 Lm/w Other: Input Power: 450 watts Input Voltage: 100-277 autosensing Volts / Amps: 120v / 4.1a 240v / 2.1a 277v / 1.8a Dimensions: 44" L / 16" W / 2.4" H Weight: 18 lbs Operating Temp range: 0 F - 90 F Thermal Management: Passive BTU output: 1700 BTU Recommended Mounting height, Best PAR intensity: 18"-24" Best Uniformity: 24"-30" Dimming / Tuning: 0-10v with optional FGI Dimming Controller, Trolmaster Hydro X or other 0-10V dimming controllers. Dims To Off: Yes Product Warranty: 5 years

60 DAYS EASY RETURNS

FREE US SHIPPING

FAST CHECKOUT

SAME DAY FULFILLMENT

(Orders before 11am pst)